Skip to content

Hive Integration

Spark SQL can read and write data stored in http://hive.apache.org/[Apache Hive] using HiveExternalCatalog.

[NOTE]

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_Hive[Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]:

Apache Hive supports analysis of large datasets stored in Hadoop's HDFS and compatible file systems such as Amazon S3 filesystem.

It provides an SQL-like language called HiveQL with schema on read and transparently converts queries to Hadoop MapReduce, Apache Tez and Apache Spark jobs.

All three execution engines can run in Hadoop YARN.

SparkSession-Builder.md#enableHiveSupport[Builder.enableHiveSupport] is used to enable Hive support (that simply sets StaticSQLConf.md#spark.sql.catalogImplementation[spark.sql.catalogImplementation] internal configuration property to hive only when the Hive classes are available).

import org.apache.spark.sql.SparkSession
val spark = SparkSession
  .builder
  .enableHiveSupport()  // <-- enables Hive support
  .getOrCreate

scala> sql("set spark.sql.catalogImplementation").show(false)
+-------------------------------+-----+
|key                            |value|
+-------------------------------+-----+
|spark.sql.catalogImplementation|hive |
+-------------------------------+-----+

assert(spark.conf.get("spark.sql.catalogImplementation") == "hive")

=== Hive Configuration - hive-site.xml

The configuration for Hive is in hive-site.xml on the classpath.

The default configuration uses Hive 1.2.1 with the default warehouse in /user/hive/warehouse.

16/04/09 13:37:54 INFO HiveContext: Initializing execution hive, version 1.2.1
16/04/09 13:37:58 WARN ObjectStore: Version information not found in metastore. hive.metastore.schema.verification is not enabled so recording the schema version 1.2.0
16/04/09 13:37:58 WARN ObjectStore: Failed to get database default, returning NoSuchObjectException
16/04/09 13:37:58 INFO HiveContext: default warehouse location is /user/hive/warehouse
16/04/09 13:37:58 INFO HiveContext: Initializing HiveMetastoreConnection version 1.2.1 using Spark classes.
16/04/09 13:38:01 DEBUG HiveContext: create HiveContext
Back to top